Top 11 Most Poisonous Snakes In India

Poisonous Snakes In India

The poisonous snakes in India. There are over 600 species of venomous snakes present in the world. Out of these approximately 60 highly venomous ones are found in India.

Some of the deadliest and most poisonous snakes found in India are as follows

Poisonous Snakes In India

Russell’s Viper (Daboia russelii)-

Russell’s viper is one of the four main most poisonous snakes found in the Indian subcontinent.

What differentiates it from the other snakes is its widespread habitat. The other reptiles of this genera are limited to some particular regions but not this one.

Poisonous Snakes In IndiaIt can be found mostly anywhere throughout the country. It is generally identified by the shape of its head. It is flat and triangular in shape.

This snake also being nocturnal is active at night and is responsible for multiple deaths around the country.

The bite deals immediate pain.

Common are muscle pains, the victims are seen coughing out blood and in excruciating pain.

Early treatment is necessary as the patient might die or even if he manages to survive, the venom might have done some serious damages which might affect the person for the rest of his life.

Also Read: The Largest Snake In The World
Orange Baboon Tarantula-Pterinochilus Murinus

Indian Krait (Bungarus caeruleus)-

Indian Krait or generally known as the Common Krait is also one of the most venomous snakes found in nature.

Poisonous Snakes In IndiaThe snake can be identified by its color.

Its scales are mostly black or black with a shade of dark blue.

Some white line/patterns can be found on its body.

A fully adult Krait has an average length of about 3-5 meters. Like King cobras, they also use neurotoxins as venom.

When they bite their prey, they hold on to the victim for some time in order to release heavy quantities of venom.

What makes them truly frightening is their nocturnal nature and the way the venom works.

They are very active during the night. In most of the rural homes, the snake can unknowingly enter the house very easily.

If a person is sleeping and the Krait bits him, the bite will feel like as of a mosquito. The venom starts working in just a few minutes, causes muscles to stop working properly.

It might happen from four to six-hour duration but if not treated, the lungs will stop functioning and the person will die from suffocation.

If bitten in the middle of the sleep, it is possible that the victim will never wake up.

Bamboo Pit Viper(Trimeresurus gramineus)-

The Bamboo Pit Viper or common Green Pit Viper is an astonishing species of venomous snakes. They are limited to the Southern part of India.

They can be identified easily by their color. They are bright green with a yellowish green bottom.

Poisonous Snakes In India
This appearance helps them merge with their surroundings.

They can be found in the green forests mainly near streams or rivers.

Their poisonous nature compels the regional people to kill the snake if spotted.

The killing and limited habitat have led them to be endangered now.

The nature of the venom is not specified but it is a lot similar to that of the Malabar Pit Viper.

Kaulback’s Lance Headed Pit Viper (Trimeresurus kaulbacki)

It(Trimeresurus kaulbacki)is a newly discovered serpent which if found in the Northern parts of India. It is colorful, beautiful and grows to be 1.4 meters long.

The females are generally longer than males. It is mostly green in color with colorful patterns throughout its body.

The snake is feared by some tribes, mainly the Nyishi tribes living in the Arunachal Pradesh.

The snake if spotted is killed instantly for sure and due to the recent discovery not much knowledge is obtained.

As for the nature of the venom of the serpent, no information is currently available.

Saw Scaled Viper (Echis carinatus)-

Not the most poisonous snake in India, but one of the most dangerous of them all.

Statistics show that this species of snake kill more human beings than any other snake.

The snake is identified mainly by its small size, the big eyes and the rustling sound which they make when felt threatened.

These snakes are relatively small if compared with the other members of this list.

They are smaller than a meter.

Their venom contains hemotoxins and cytotoxins. They prevent blood coagulation and if not treated, might cause hemorrhage and sometimes internal bleeding.

With its abundance in the rural highly populated areas and with the ability to camouflage itself pretty well, it is the cause of many deaths throughout the country.

Banded sea krait (Laticauda colubrina)-

The banded sea krait is also known as the yellow-lipped sea krait is a highly poisonous snake found in some parts of the Indian and the Pacific Ocean.

Poisonous Snakes In IndiaThe beautiful serpents most of its time underwater looking for prey to eat.

The snake is identified by its colorful skin.

It is generally bright blue with black stripes all over its body. Coming to its venom, it is known to have one of the most lethal venoms among all the snakes found in the world.

They often return to the land in order to digest their prey, to bask in the sunlight(because of their nocturnal nature) and to reproduce.

Because of all this, they often come in contact with the humans but thankfully they do not have a nasty attitude like some of the other members of the group.

They only engage when felt threatened. The venom is neurotoxic in nature. When bitten the muscle’s functions disrupt, the victim feels drowsy and after some time the muscles contract and relax rapidly causing uncontrollable shaking.

King Cobra (Ophiophagus hannah)-

As the name dictates he is like the king of the poisonous snakes.

Poisonous Snakes In India
Its venom contains neurotoxins which induce paralysis in the muscles of the victim creating muscle cramps and slow heart rate.

They have a distinctive hiss which can be heard very clearly.

When they feel provoked, the hissing sound is intensified and is often compared to the growling of a dog.

The King Cobra has a well-deserved place in the category of most poisonous snakes found in India. Their diet includes rodents, frogs, insects and even other snakes in the area.

The Asian Elephant, one of the largest beings on Earth can die within hours with its single bite. It is the longest venomous snake on the planet with the largest recorded specimen being 19.2 feet long.

With the elephant reference, it must be understood that the reptile carries more than enough neurotoxins to kill an adult human being.

If bitten, antivenom is needed fast and in large quantities to neutralize the effect of the poison. Swift action is necessary or the person will die.

Malabar Pit Viper-

The Malabar pit viper comes in the category because of its ability to hide. The venom of this snake is not that impressive as of the previous ones.

This reptile is found in the coastal regions of the south-west part of India. Incidentally, it is very hard to spot this Viper.

The venom is not very lethal as when an adult human is being bitten by one of those, there is some pain, there might be some swelling in the affected area but that’s all.

The symptoms should subside in a few days.

Hump-nosed Pit Viper(Hypnale hypnale)-

It is a highly venomous snake. Although in the past it was thought to be non-poisonous or harmless.

Recent studies show that the snake can deal some serious damage when it bites someone.

It is a small snake which grows to be approx 30-50 cm in length.

The venom can induce Acute Kidney Injury(AKI), by which the kidneys fail to function. It can also cause blood to not coagulate properly and if not treated might prove to be fatal.

Andaman Pit Viper-

As can be depicted from the name, the Andaman Pit Viper is found in the Andaman and Nicobar islands in the Indian ocean.

These are also venomous by design.

They can be found lurking behind the bushes or at the forest floors.

Coming from the locals- they are seen to be staying at the same spot unless disturbed. Even with the venomous nature, there have been no recorded human fatalities.

The viper grows to be 1.2 meters long. The main diet includes frogs, insects, and other rodents.

Indian cobra (Naja naja)-

The Indian cobra or the spectacled cobra is a marvelous reptile found in India. It is a popular species found and can often be seen with the snake charmers.

They are popular mainly because of their pattern and the “U” shaped sign that is generally behind their back.

They are seen as one of the most beautiful snakes in the entire world. The venom consists of very powerful synaptic neurotoxins which it injects in the victim in heavy quantities.

The venom is very lethal. It blocks the neuron signals leading to muscle failure and eventually, the lungs collapse or the victim falls in cardiac arrest.

The venom works very quickly, therefore, immediate action is required, otherwise, death is imminent.

India is a developing country with 1.3 billion people, with many of the residents living in a rural area with close proximity to snake bites.

It is crucial to have knowledge about the poisonous snake found in the region.

Rhythm Dhami

A deep-rooted person who has made an investigation of regular history since childhood or so - longer than I can recollect. An interest in wildlife has developed into wonder with all of nature, and an unquenchable interest to take in more..

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