Who discovered easter island?

Who discovered easter island?

The phrased question is ambiguous. However, when talking about first documented contact, it is stated that in 1722, Jacob Roggeveen, a Dutch explorer, arrived on this little isle in the Pacific Ocean. The first contact with the island occurred on Easter, so he decided the name Easter Island.

The native population who lived there called it Rapa Nui. On Rapa Nui, European explorers were startled to discover the huge heads of stone called Moai. From that point forth, these gigantic statues baffled the foreign visitors, but a ton is still covered in a riddle.

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What does Ahu mean?

An ahu is the level hill or stone platform whereupon the moai stand. "Ahu" has two implications in Rapa Nui culture. The word' ahu' also means a holy place where several moai stands.

The mystery of easter island

What is the Easter Island heads called?

These gigantic carved heads are called Moai. The first carved moai were comparatively smaller, round-headed with huge roundabout eye & arms over the chest. Some were recently found in the rubble of ahu that has been restored.

this peculiar "Style" is almost identical to Pitcairn and the rest of the islands of Polynesia., including Tahiti. In the final phase, the statues turned out to be bigger and the heads got bigger in the size than the torso. The sculptures are produced in a single piece, with an average weight of 20 tons and a height or more of 20 feet.

How did the moai get moved?

The Moai statues were moved to the platforms using ropes. For this to work, In order to do that the pulling ropes had to be approximately 250 meters long, which had weighed over a ton inch thick. A few Moai were assembled to 15 miles from the mine and were accepted to be pulled down on wooden rollers to this point.

But the most recent research carried out by Professor Charles Love who has been unearthing the moai routes demonstrates that rollers would not have struggled on the grounds as the routes were not level, but tenderly cupped. How the Moai statues were moved is still one of the great mystery of Easter Island.

Do easter island heads have bodies?

Easter Island heads actually have concealed entombed bodies. The underlying torso and body associated with the heads were unveiled by archaeologists.

One of the oldest excavations in 1914 reveals that the heads of the statue have been affixed to torso over the centuries hidden away by the natural deterioration. This data was not common, which encouraged people to assume the heads and shoulders comprised the whole statue.

Just like many things on earth, the time has inflicted some serious real damage to the sculptures enveloping them in rocks and sediments. However, the Project was developed by a team of UCLA archaeologists to further investigate the relics. The group uncovered a few of the heads in order to reveal the torso and body underneath.

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What was the purpose of the statues on Easter Island?

Researchers have noticed a few highlights that give hints of their purpose but the actual reasons for carving these gigantic statues, is still a mystery. 

Amazingly, in spite of their coastal(sea-side) position, each and every one of the moai seems to confront inland and not out to the ocean, urging that they were intended to pay homage to individuals or celestials situated inside Rapa Nui itself.

In 1722, when the Dutch arrived on the isle, the creation of moai seemed to come to end. The moai saw a major fall throughout the next century, either deliberately toppled or by simple ignorance.

After contact with Europeans diseases ravaged the whole islet, the inhabitants of the island had a craving for European merchandise, caps were especially prominent among the islanders. 

Why the development of moai was deserted is another riddle. 

The statues are now more popular than ever before. Now Rapa Nui has more than 5,000 inhabitants & Many statues on their base have been renovated

What country owns easter island

Easter Island is owned by Chile. In 1888 Chile invaded Easter Island.

When the Chileans took over, wars, slave raids and diseases had already crushed its population.

Chilean citizenship was bestowed to people of Rapa Nui in 1966. The people of Rapa Nui are now regarded as Chile's citizens.

The isle obtained the "special territory" constitutional status in 2007.." It belongs statutorily to the Valparaiso Region, consisting of a single province of the Isla de Pascua Province.

Another name for easter island

The Polynesian name is Rapa Nui & the Spanish name is Isla de Pascua

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Who built ahu Tongariki?

 The biggest ceremonial structure constructed on Easter Island and a hub of incredibly carved stone statues in Polynesia is Ahu Tongarik.

It is the centre of sacrosanct creations called ahu- moai that were built in Rapa Nui over 500 years ago. 

The principal platform, whose alignment is fixated on the summer solstice 's rising sun, covers probably nearly 100 meters and reaches a total length of 200 meters with its wings or unique sidelong augmentations.

Ahu Tongariki held 15 moai during the final phase of creating the purely ceremonial area, which made it the scaffold with the most images on this whole isle. 

The socio-political and religious centre of the two great clans that assembled the tribes of the eastern part of the isle, is claimed to have been Tongariki.

The remarkable final statue is the result of a successive series of historically completed alterations of changes and expansions from the beginning, showing the achievement of the technical prowess.

Easter Island is where?

One of the most common questions Easter Island is where?... The isle is situated in the South Pacific Ocean on the eastern outpost of the Polynesian triangle.

It has an area of 63 square miles and is 14 miles long by 7 miles wide. The latitude is 27 ° 9′ 10 "south and the longitude is 109 ° 27′′ 17" west.

Pitcairn Island is the closest populated land which is situated at a distance of 2,075 Km from the Rapa Nui. The coast of Chile at a distance of 3,526 km is the closest mainland point

History of easter island

The first human residents of Rapa Nui is believed to be descended in an organized emigrant party about 300- 400 A.D. According to legends the first Ruler of Rapa Nui was Hoto- Matua., a ruler of the Polynesian subgroup, whose ships voyaged tens of thousands of miles before he landed at Anakena one of the few sandy beaches along the rocky coast of the Island.

Did you know? The fall of the moai culture, prepare a way for the rise of another religion of fowl venerates. It was focused on a stylized town called Orongo, based on the edge of the cavity of the Rano Kao well of lava.

Perhaps the most compelling evidence of Rapa Nui 's rich cultural heritage developed by the original immigrants is the existence of almost 900 giant stone statues found around the island in various spots.

These giant stone statues, known as moai, were built of tuff averaging a height of 13 feet( 4 meters), with a weight of 13 meters and placed on top of ceremonial stone platforms called Ahu.

The reason why all these statues were created and moved around the island so much and on this scale is still contentious.

Why did easter island collapse?

Civil war and general destruction marked the late period of the island ’s civilization; more statues were toppled, Far too many statues were deposed, and many obsidian spearpoints dating to that period were found.

The isle's folklore tells that one of the two main ethnic groups on the Isle, the " short ears," revolted against the Long ears in 1680,which eventually engulfed the long-standing peace and harmony, killing many people in a pyre built in an ancient Poike ditch, on the far northwest coast of the isle.
In 1888, Chile invaded the island, leasing almost all of its territory to raise sheep.; The Chilean naval administration took over the sheep range in 1954.

In 1965, a civil governor was appointed by the Chilean Government and the islanders became full Chilean legal citizens. Within a relatively short period of time,  the Islanders excelled in fulfilling the continental standards without potentially losing dignity in their very own cultural traditions.

Each and every year in the month of February both the elderly and young people of both genders meet at competitions to rejuvenate the arts and practices of the Isle's history.

Interesting facts you may have not known about easter island(easter island chile facts) 

  • Some of the unfinished statues embarked the notion that this islet once formed part of the sunken continent and most of the most were underwater residing under the water.

  • Later thorough research disproved the false notion of the sunken continent and It is claimed now that craftsmen will intentionally leave them incomplete when they encounter a hard rock insertion and start carving another sculpture. was. A few of the sculptures were unfinished just because the sculpting period was over.

  • Various rocks were used to carve these megaliths. 834 of the 887 Moai had been sculpted from the condensed volcanic ash known as tuff. 13 There were 13 sculpted from basalt, 17 from scoria– a fragile red rock an.22 from trachyte. 

  • In 2008, a Finnish traveller was spotted on Anakena shoreline slashing a moai. The 26-year-old Marko Kulju was seen by an inhabitant escaping from the scene with a segment of the statue in his grasp. She detailed the occurrence to the Police who distinguished Kulju by the tattoos on his body.

  • The celebration of Tapati has been held by a couple of inhabitants of the Isle to commemorate the culture of the people of Rapa Nui. The dance and wood carving is a vital part. of this festival.

Rhythm Dhami

A deep-rooted person who has made an investigation of regular history since childhood or so - longer than I can recollect. An interest in wildlife has developed into wonder with all of nature, and an unquenchable interest to take in more..

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